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The Liver Files PDF Print E-mail
Written by Lynn Razaitis   
Friday, 29 July 2005 16:37

Recipes and Lore About Our Most Important Sacred Food

Since history began, "liver has ranked above all other offal as one of the most prized culinary delights. Its heritage is illustrious--whether savored by young warriors after a kill or mixed with truffles and cognac for fine patés de foie gras." So write Margaret Gin and Jana Allen, authors of Innards and Other Variety Meats (San Francisco, 1974).

Practically every cuisine has liver specialties. Some cultures place such a high value on liver that human hands can’t touch it. Special sticks must move it. The Li-Chi, a handbook of rituals published during China’s Han era (202B.C. to 220A.D.), lists liver as one of the Eight Delicacies. Throughout most of recorded time humans have preferred liver over steak by a large margin, regarding it as a source of great strength and as providing almost magical curative powers.


So what makes liver so wonderful? Quite simply, it contains more nutrients, gram for gram, than any other food. In summary, liver provides:

  • An excellent source of high-quality protein
  • Nature’s most concentrated source of vitamin A
  • All the B vitamins in abundance, particularly vitamin B12
  • One of our best sources of folic acid
  • A highly usable form of iron
  • Trace elements such as copper, zinc and chromium; liver is our best source of copper
  • An unidentified anti-fatigue factor
  • CoQ10, a nutrient that is especially important for cardio-vascular function
  • A good source of purines, nitrogen-containing compounds that serve as precursors for DNA and RNA.


Liver’s as-yet-unidentified anti-fatigue factor makes it a favorite with athletes and bodybuilders. The factor was described by Benjamin K. Ershoff, PhD, in a July 1951 article published in the Proceedings for the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine.

Ershoff divided laboratory rats into three groups. The first ate a basic diet, fortified with 11 vitamins. The second ate the same diet, along with an additional supply of vitamin B complex. The third ate the original diet, but instead of vitamin B complex received 10 percent of rations as powdered liver.

A 1975 article published in Prevention magazine described the experiment as follows: "After several weeks, the animals were placed one by one into a drum of cold water from which they could not climb out. They literally were forced to sink or swim. Rats in the first group swam for an average 13.3 minutes before giving up. The second group, which had the added fortifications of B vitamins, swam for an average of 13.4 minutes. Of the last group of rats, the ones receiving liver, three swam for 63, 83 and 87 minutes. The other nine rats in this group were still swimming vigorously at the end of two hours when the test was terminated. Something in the liver had prevented them from becoming exhausted. To this day scientists have not been able to pin a label on this anti-fatigue factor."


In spite of widespread tradition and abundant scientific evidence on the health benefits of liver, conventional nutritionists and government agencies now warn against its consumption. The putative dangers of eating liver stem from two concerns--the assumption that liver contains many toxins and the high level of vitamin A that it provides.

One of the roles of the liver is to neutralize toxins (such as drugs, chemical agents and poisons); but the liver does not store toxins. Poisonous compounds that the body cannot neutralize and eliminate are likely to lodge in the fatty tissues and the nervous system. The liver is not a storage organ for toxins but it is a storage organ for many important nutrients (vitamins A, D, E, K, B12 and folic acid, and minerals such as copper and iron). These nutrients provide the body with some of the tools it needs to get rid of toxins.

Of course, we should consume liver from healthy animals--cattle, lamb, buffalo, hogs, chickens, turkeys, ducks and geese. The best choice is liver from animals that spend their lives outdoors and on pasture. If such a premier food is not available, the next choice is organic chicken, beef and calves liver. If supermarket liver is your only option, the best choice is calves liver, as in the U.S. beef cattle do spend their first months on pasture. Beef liver is more problematical as beef cattle are finished in feed lots. Livers from conventionally raised chicken and hogs are not recommended.

As for concerns about vitamin A, these stem from studies in which moderate doses of synthetic vitamin A were found to cause problems and even contribute to birth defects. But natural vitamin A found in liver is an extremely important nutrient for human health and does not cause problems except in extremely large amounts.

According to the authoritative Merck Manual, acute vitamin A poisoning can occur in children after taking a single dose of synthetic vitamin A in the range of 300,000 IU or a daily dosage of 60,000 IU for a few weeks. The Manual cites two fatalities from acute vitamin A poisoning in children, which manifests as increased intracranial pressure and vomiting. For the vast majority, however, recovery after discontinuation is "spontaneous, with no residual damage."

In adults, according to the Merck Manual, vitamin A toxicity has been reported in Arctic explorers who developed drowsiness, irritability, headaches and vomiting, with subsequent peeling of the skin, within a few hours of ingesting several million units of vitamin A from polar bear or seal liver. Again, these symptoms clear up with discontinuation of the vitamin A-rich food. Other than this unusual example, however, only vitamin A from megavitamin tablets containing vitamin A when taken for a long time has induced acute toxicity, that is, 100,000 IU synthetic vitamin A per day taken for many months.

Thus, unless you are an Arctic explorer, it is very difficult to develop vitamin A toxicity from liver. The putative toxic dose of 100,000 IU per day is contained in two-and-one-half 100-gram servings of duck liver or about three 100-gram servings of beef liver. From the work of Weston Price, we can assume that the amount in primitive diets was about 50,000 IU per day.

As for liver for pregnant women, a study carried out in Rome, Italy, found no congenital malformations among 120 infants exposed to more than 50,000 IU of vitamin A per day (Teratology, Jan 1999 59(1):1-2). A study from Switzerland looked at blood levels of vitamin A in pregnant women and found that a dose of 30,000 IU per day resulted in blood levels that had no association with birth defects (International Journal of Vitamin and Nutrition Research 1998 68(6):411-6). Textbooks on nutrition written before the Second World War recommended that pregnant women eat liver frequently, yet today pregnant women are told to avoid this extremely nutritious food. Don’t eat beef liver, cautions Organic Style magazine in a February 2005 article on diets for pregnant women, ". . . it has high levels of retinol, a vitamin-A derivative that can cause birth defects."

A good recommendation for liver is one 100-gram serving of beef, lamb, bison or duck liver (about 4 ounces) once or twice a week, providing about 50,000 IU vitamin A per serving. Chicken liver, which is lower in vitamin A, may be consumed more frequently. If you experience headaches or joint pains at this level, cut back until the symptoms go away.

Eating Raw Liver. . .Good Heavens!

Eating raw liver is definitely not a Standard American Dietary (SAD) practice! So why in the world would a sane person even consider eating their liver raw? Most of the reasons are anecdotal with the primary one being that people who do consistently report how good it makes them feel.

  • Southern hunters have a tradition of eating the liver of their freshly killed deer as a "manly" thing to do.
  • In Argentina, cowboys eat liver (and meat) raw or very lightly cooked.
  • People who grew up on farms tell of eating the liver freshly warm from the animal and only lightly cooking it (and all the organs and glands)
  • Weston Price reported on the consumption of raw liver among African hunter-gatherer tribes. Liver was considered so sacred that they never touched it with their hands, only with their spears. They ate it both raw and cooked.
  • The physician Max Gerson used raw liver juice, extracted with a special juicer that pressed out the liquid, in his original healing protocol with pancreatic cancer patients. His daughter, Charlotte Gerson, later dropped this part of the protocol because of the unavailability of fresh clean liver without bacterial contamination. Now a crude liver extract injection or desiccated liver tablets are used in the current protocol. However, Dr. Nicholas Gonzalez, a New York doctor who treats cancer holistically, insists that all his patients eat raw liver.

The How-to-do-it of Eating Raw Liver

This takes some getting used to! There are two basic methods. One calls for freezing the liver for 14 days in large chunks. (Fourteen days will ensure the elimination of pathogens and parasites.) You can then grate the liver on the small holes of a grater and add it to milk or juice, or even hot cereal. A teaspoon or two of grated raw liver can be added to baby’s egg yolk, or even to mashed vegetables.

The second method turns liver into pills! Cut fresh liver into pea-sized pieces and freeze for 14 days. Swallow like vitamin pills.
For both methods, the liver should be of the highest quality available and very fresh.


You don’t find recipes for liver in many modern cookbooks but scan the internet and you will find liver recipes from cuisines around the world.

A wonderful site that features medieval European recipes is, where participants provide translations and comments on recipes in old cookbooks. Here we learn that long before the anti-cholesterol campaign, Europeans made liver into dumplings, terrines, sausages and "puddings," and used it as a filling in meat pies and pasties. (According to one contributor, an outstanding example of a liver-filled pasty includes chicken livers, hearts, gizzards and sour cherries.)

Ancient cookbooks even describe the use of liver to thicken sauces, apparently by pressing raw puréed liver through a fine strainer and adding it to sauce that was then carefully heated but not boiled. (During Lent, fish livers served to thicken sauces!) As long as the liver flavor does not overpower the flavor of the sauce, this could be a good way to get liver into your family without them ever knowing it!

A liver recipe from a 1529 Spanish cookbook goes like this: "Take onions and cut them very small, like fingers, and fry them gently with fatty bacon; and then take the liver of a kid or a lamb or a goat and cut them into slices the size of a half walnut, and fry it gently with the onion until the liver loses its color; then take a crustless piece of toasted bread soaked in white vinegar and grind it well, and dissolve it with sweet white wine; and then strain it through a woolen cloth; and then cast it over the onion and the liver, all together in the casserole; and cast in ground cinnamon; and cook until it is well thickened and when it is cooked, prepare dishes."

A great, high-cholesterol liver dish from an ancient Middle Eastern cookbook has been translated by Betty Cook. Note the inclusion of wonderful spices, not normally associated with liver.


14 ounces chicken livers
14 ounces chicken gizzards
1/2 teaspoon salt
8 egg yolks
1 1/2 teaspoon coriander
1 1/2 teaspoon cumin
3/4 teaspoon pepper
1 1/2 teaspoon cinnamon
2 tablespoons sesame oil for frying
1/4 cup lemon juice

Bring 3 cups water to a boil with 1/8 teaspoon salt, add gizzards and simmer 50 minutes. Near the end of this time, bring another 3 cups water and 1/8 teaspoon salt to a boil and cook livers in it 3 minutes. Drain both, cut into 1/2-inch by 1/2-inch pieces, put into a bowl and mix with egg yolks and spices. Heat oil and fry the mixture about 4 minutes, sprinkle with lemon juice and serve.


The website provides this intriguing recipe for liver paté from Scandinavia. Unlike the French versions, Scandinavian patés don’t usually contain alcohol or garlic and they have a smoother texture.

Liver Paté

8-10 Portions

300 g calf’s liver or pig’s liver
300 g lean pork meat, such as pork fillet
300 g pork fat
1 onion, finely chopped
2 tablespoons butter
2 tablespoons unbleached white flour
300 ml milk
1 egg
pinch ground cloves
pinch ground all spice
sea salt and freshly ground pepper

Note: 300 grams is slightly less than 3/4 pound and 300 ml is 1 1/4 cups.

Dice the liver, lean pork meat and fat into small pieces. Set aside 75 g of the pork fat and place it in an oven dish in a low oven. Cook the fat until it has melted down. Lightly grease the sides and base of the paté container. A standard loaf tin works well.

Preheat an oven to 350°F. Mince the onion, liver, pork and remaining pork fat through a mincer (meat grinder) 3-4 times until smooth.

Melt butter in a saucepan over a moderate heat. Add the flour to the butter and cook it for a couple of minutes. Slowly add the milk while stirring until you have a thick smooth sauce. Add the minced liver mixture and stir it until well combined. Remove the pan from the heat and allow it to cool slightly. Mix in the egg, ground cloves, all spice and a little salt and pepper.

Pour the paté mixture into the greased loaf pan, place in a baking pan and fill the pan 3/4 high with hot water. Place the paté on the center shelf in the pre-heated oven and cook for 1 1/2 hours. To test for doneness, insert a thin knife or skewer into the center of the paté. When the paté is ready, it should come out clear. (The center of the paté should reach at least 170°F. If you have a meat thermometer use this to test if it is ready).

Remove the paté from the oven when cooked and leave it to cool in the container. When cooled, turn the paté out onto a plate and serve it as part of a smorgasbord or use it for smorresbrod (open sandwiches) or as a starter or canapé. Mustard, cress, gherkins, grapes and chutney all make good accompaniments


A delicious liver recipe from Russia is found at

Liver with Sour Cream

Serves 4

2 1/2 pounds liver (calf, pork or beef), sliced
2 onions, chopped
1 cup sour cream
4 tablespoons butter
2 cup beef stock
2 tablespoons dill, freshly chopped
2 tablespoons unbleached white flour
sea salt and pepper to taste

Wash, pat dry, and sprinkle each piece of liver with salt and pepper. Dredge in flour, fry on each side in butter and remove. Sauté the onions until golden brown and then layer both liver and onions in a deep pot. Deglaze the pan with beef stock, stir well and add the sour cream, stir, then add to the liver and onions. Mix well and cover. Cook slowly over low-heat for 20 minutes. Uncover, stir well, re-cover and cook for another 10 minutes. Remove liver from pot, arrange on individual plates and pour sauce over the slices. Sprinkle with the dill. This is very good when served with boiled or fried potatoes or rice.


The Japanese consider liver an important food for pregnant women. The following recipe is adapted from one posted at

Nira Reba

Serves 4

1/2 pound pork liver
1 tablespoon grated ginger
1 bunch nira (Chinese chives)
2 tablespoons arrowroot powder
1 tablespoon grated ginger
2 tablespoon soy sauce
1 tablespoon sake (rice wine)
1 tablespoon water and 1 teaspoon potato starch
lard for frying

Cut liver into bite-sized pieces and marinate in a mixture of soy sauce, sake and ginger for 20 minutes. Remove liver from the sauce, pat dry and dredge in arrowroot. Heat lard in a deep pan and fry the liver pieces.Remove liver to a heated plate. Chop nira into short pieces and sauté in a frying pan. Add deep-fried liver and sauté with nira. Add the sauce used for marinating liver to the frying pan and stir well. Add the mixture of water and potato starch, stir quickly and remove from heat. Serve immediately.

Liver Comparison Chart

From: Nutrition Almanac, by John D. Kirschmann

Beef Lamb Veal Chicken Duck Goose Turkey
Amount 1lb 1lb 1lb 1 1 1 1
Weight: gm 454 454 454 32 44 94 102
Vitamin A 199130 229070 102060 6576 17559 29138 18403

Vitamin B1

1.16 1.81 .9 .044 - .528 .062
Vitamin B2 14.79 14.9 12.3 .628 - .838 2.21
Vitamin B6 14 1.36 3.04 .24 - .72 .78
Vitamin B12 363 472 272 7.35 23.7 - 64.6
Biotin 454 454 - - - - -
Niacin 61.6 76.5 51.8 2.96 - 6.11 10.35
35 32.7 36.3 1.98 - - 7.81
Folic Acid .99 .99 - 236 - - 752
Vitamin C 140 152 161 10.8 - - 4.6
Vitamin E 6.36 - - - - - -
Calcium 36 45 36 3 5 40 7
Copper 12.7 25 36 .126 2.62 7.07 .512
Iron 29.5 49.4 39.9 2.74 13.4 - 11
Magnesium 59 64 73 6 - 23 21
Manganese 1.23 1.04 - .083 - - .294
Phosphorus 1597 1583 1510 87 118 245 319
Potassium 1275 916 1275 73 - 216 303
Selenium 206 - - - - - -
Sodium 617 236 331 25 - 132 98
Zinc 17 - 17 .98 - - 2.53
Total Fat 17.5 19.6 21.3 1.23 2.04 4.03 4.05
Saturated Fat 6.8 6.9 - 42 .63 1.49 1.28
Unsaturated Fat 5 6.63 - .5 .59 1 1.73
Cholesterol 1360 1361 1361 140 227 - 475


Pernicious anemia is a debilitating disease caused by B12 deficiency. Until 1926, the only treatment for the disease was blood transfusions. Shortly thereafter, Drs. Whipple, Murphy and Minot received the Nobel Price for their discovery of liver therapy for the disease. Dr. William P. Murphy recalls the discovery of the therapy:

"Dr. George Whipple of the University of Rochester had demonstrated that liver caused a rapid replacement of blood in dogs made anemic by bleeding. From his idea, we proposed that liver might be useful in treating pernicious anemia, even though this anemia was totally different from the one induced in dogs.

"With these observations, it became important to prove the efficacy of liver. But in those days, getting permission to do studies was not such an easy matter. The chief physician of Peter Bent Brigham Hospital was quite skeptical, but gave me permission with the understanding that a transfusion would never be withheld from a patient who needed one.

"I started one of my patients on liver therapy. This patient, a man in his forties, was critically ill and partially comatose. In spite of his condition, I was able to explain to him that liver might be distinctly useful to him. We found that if a patient were fed half a pound of liver per day, it would take about five days to show an increase in red blood count.

"But this man seemed more ill on the fifth day. According to the policy laid down, my patient was a candidate for a transfusion. I stayed up very late that night trying to decide to give him the liver. It was a miserable night, but around midnight I noticed that his red blood cell count had increased slightly. That gave me courage to go on with the liver. When I saw his blood count go up, I went home and collapsed into bed, slept very poorly and was back at the hospital at seven o’clock the next morning.

"I approached his room with fear and trembling, and cautiously peaked around the corner to see if he was still alive. To my great surprise and relief he sat up in bed and cheerfully asked, "What time is breakfast?" His blood count was at the maximum and he not only survived but lived many years. With that success, the staff became cooperative.

"Later, patients didn’t have to choke down liver but could receive extracts and still later, vitamin B12. . ."

For those who want to prevent pernicious anemia from ever occurring, the best course of action is to eat liver once a week, as our ancestors usually did.


Here are some suggestions from members of the Native Nutrition discussion group.

  • Marinate slices of liver in the fridge overnight in lemon juice or water with vinegar, plus lots of garlic and bay laurel leaf. After marinating, pat dry and fry in olive oil and/or lard and/or butter until well done (really brown on the outside and slightly rose inside). (Kidneys work well with this recipe also.) The key is marinating to take away any unpleasant taste. Florabela
  • The liver needs to come from a fairly young animal and be free of hormones and organically raised. Cover the liver with flour on both sides and bake with a little butter or ghee for several minutes at very low heat, otherwise it will be hard. Add a handful of sliced onion, a little vinegar and water. Increase the heat to 350 degrees for a few minutes then cook for about 20 minutes at a low heat. You can add fresh mushrooms and at the end a bit of salt. It’s usually served with noodles or rice. However any vegetable dish would work. Pia
  • My favorite cooked liver recipe is to slice the liver thin (no more than 1/4th inch) then dredge it in a mixture of almond flour, salt and lots of pepper. (Almond flour is just a replacement for those who don’t eat grains.). Fry on both sides in ghee or lard. I usually cook up the whole liver at one time then either heat up the leftovers during the week, or snack on it cold. It’s a great substitute for a power bar or other on-the-go meal. Sally R
  • Marinate the sliced liver in red wine vinegar and a couple teaspoons of honey for about 1 hour. Slice up 1-2 onions and fry in lots of tallow and butter for about 1/2 hour until onions are small and brown. Remove the onions and toss in the liver with a bit of the wine/honey mix. Fry quickly, turning frequently, and serve hot with onions and wine sauce and a side of kim chi. Paul B
  • The key to delicious liver is lots of garlic. Use lard to sautĂ© it, and add some olive oil when it’s closer to done. Don’t overcook it. First saute 1 onion and at least 5 cloves of garlic with plenty of herbs and spices, whatever you like. Slice the liver up nice and thin, cook for about 5 minutes and flip around once a minute. Cook some bacon at the same time and cut into small pieces to serve on top of the liver along with the onions and garlic. Chris M
  • This is my mom’s delicious Jewish chopped liver recipe that "doesn’t taste like liver much at all!" Slice onion and sautĂ© in fat until golden. Throw into a food processor. Saute 3/4 pound of chicken livers in same pan until pink inside. Let cool and put into same food processor with onions. Add 2 hardboiled eggs to food processor. Process onion, liver and eggs to a consistency you like but not too fine. Keep some lumpiness. Add salt and pepper to taste. Daphne
  • Cut liver into small pieces and roll it in beaten egg then in nut flour (finely ground crispy nuts). Fry in hot coconut oil and salt and pepper to taste. It’s out of this world! Cheryl K
  • An old but excellent recipe: Bake 1 pound beef or chicken livers and then chop up. Chop up 2 hard boiled eggs. Mix chopped eggs and liver with 1 medium cooked chopped onion (sautĂ©ed is fine). Mash and mix together with salt and pepper to taste. Refrigerate before eating. Robin L
  • Cut liver into strips, about 3 inches long and 1/2 inch wide, and marinate in lemon juice. Pat dry. Chop up some onions and cook them in bacon fat and remove. Cook liver in the fat until almost solidly pink because once it turns brown, the liver flavor is stronger. This is delicious with a big serving of kale and butter and a pile of fermented carrots. Lisa
  • SautĂ© onions in a little butter or coconut oil, then toss in the liver (cut into big hunks) and cook for several minutes. Process onions and liver in a food processor and process until it’s all just minced. Then combine it with a hamburger dish (casserole, spaghetti sauce, etc.). Lynn E
  • Liver is delicious with a gravy or sauce. Marinate liver in lemon juice or vinegar for several hours and pat dry. Cook quickly in hot lard and set aside in a warm oven. You can make a gravy by stirring some unbleached white flour in the remaining fat and adding beef stock. Whisk until smooth and boil down a bit. You can make a clear buttery sauce by adding some wine or brandy to the fat and adding beef or chicken stock. Boil down, skimming as necessary, until it thickens a bit and then whisk in several tablespoons softened butter. Season with salt and pepper. Finally, you can make a tart sauce by sautĂ©ing capers and chopped shallots in the hot fat. (Be sure to rinse the capers well and pat dry before doing this.) Deglaze with a little white wine and add beef stock. Boil down until sauce thickens. Sally Fallon


The following raw liver drink was developed by the author and fellow WAPF member Becky Mauldin. Says Lynn, "I find that nothing works as well for giving strength when I am under stress. I am a teacher and use it when things start getting hectic at school. My husband has also found it very helpful for dealing with stress."

1/2 - 1 ounce grassfed liver, cut into tiny chunks and frozen (it must be still frozen to blend well)
1 cup organic tomato juice
juice of 1/2 lime
dash hot sauce
1-2 raw pastured egg yolks
2-4 tablespoons fermented young coconut juice
1 tablespoon raw cream
1/4 teaspoon Concentrace mineral solution
1-2 teaspoons bee pollen (optional)

Blend everything together in a blender. You can follow with some fresh papaya if the drink gives you a livery aftertaste. You can also soak the liver chunks in sour milk or lemon juice before freezing to reduce the strong flavor.

This article appeared in Wise Traditions in Food, Farming and the Healing Arts, the quarterly magazine of the Weston A. Price Foundation, Spring 2005.

About the Author



Comments (34)Add Comment
Is there a link to this Benjamin K. Ershoff study somewhere?
written by Jojo, Apr 10 2014
I did some Google searches, but the only places I can find refs to this study are on this WAPF website, and on blogs written by people who are just quoting this website. Is there a link to the study somewhere? I would like to read it for myself. Thanks.
written by David Gaydos, Jan 30 2014
My wife is a patient of Dr. Nicholas Gonzalez, mentioned in the article. He recommends blending the small portion (about 1.5 to 2 oz) of liver with fresh carrot juice and perhaps a little heavy cream. We keep it in the freezer(portion sizes)until the day it's used, thawing it out in a little bowl of water for a few hours in the fridge before blending. It's the easiest way we've found to prepare and "eat" the liver.
written by Debi, Jan 25 2014
As a Master Food Preserver, the USDA says in their website that 14 days in a freezer at 0 degrees will kill parasites, etc. This is important for hunters to know before processing their foods for canning, etc.
Freezing to kill pathogens?
written by Garth, Nov 11 2013
Can anyone cite any evidence that 14 days of freezing will kill pathogens present in liver or other raw meat? I would want to be sure that salmonella, for example would not be present in food given to an infant.
written by Tara, Nov 10 2013
Can you eat raw chicken liver? I've done beef and have chicken but it seems grosser with chicken.
written by susan randolph, Oct 10 2013
chicken livers: saute in a hot, dry stainless pan. Cook a couple of minutes on each side. Then throw in a mixture of lemon juice, salt, olive oil, and lemon juice. stir and eat. Yum!
Raw liver pills
written by Libby, Sep 06 2013
I have some gf liver from my local farmer.
I cut it all up into small pills, but there is a strong smell, is this normal?
I guess I do not know what the normal smell should be for raw liver.
written by Natalia, Aug 28 2013
Did I prepare it wrong? I thawed it, cut it into small pieces (to better grate) and then froze it again for 2 weeks. She was 6 months old when I fed it to her. Please advise. --------------------------------

I do not have a baby yet and cannot speak from my experience, but believe in traditional cultures mothers first would chew the raw liver themselves and then give it to their babies. Such young babies do not have all the enzymes to digest it - but they can get it from your saliva. Because it is considered "gross" by our society, this crucial traditional nuance rarely gets mentioned.
Easier to swallow than pills
written by Marina, Aug 23 2013
I tried cutting it into pill size pieces and swallowing but had to drink too much water and it felt like it got stuck in my esophagus on the way down. I found it was much easier if I cut thin slices, about four or five, then cut it lengthwise several times into thin strips and then cut crosswise into little tiny pieces. I would allow this to thaw for a minute or two and then fill a teaspoonful and chase with water. Goes down very easy and you can't really taste it. This eliminates choking on the pills and bloating up with water. It is also very finely minced and digests very easily!!!
Liver shake
written by Richard Joe-Leonn, Jul 25 2013
I'm a cross fit athlete my coach told me that I needed to eat organ meat because it will help in what I'm doing.
I'm in the box( That's what a cross fit gym is called) 5 days a week.We do a lot of weight lifting she said it will help.
well I tried eating yuk so I tried drinking it not much better one day I pulled my juicer and got a bunch of carrots celery and other veggies once I had the juice make I put it in the blender and added raw liver ran the blender for 1 minute or so .You know not bad as far as how it work in fitness. I was doing an abdominal work out yesterday I noticed people were in pain I was feeling it but could keep going so I believe it work I am able to train harder praise the Lord for raw liver shakes
Whitefish livers
written by Amber, Jul 05 2013
Does anybody have nutritional info on whitefish livers, particularly their folate levels? I'm a recent fan!
A new twist
written by Ruth, Jun 10 2013
We had the liver drink for breakfast. My husband and I thought it was great!! I made 4 times the recipe and we split it. I fried up the egg whites in tallow and we had them with hot sauce. I did not have the concentrated mineral solution to add. Does anyone have ideas on what else could do the same thing? I thought of maybe kelp, or dulse, my favorite seaweed, but we didn't have any. So maybe I'll try that next time along with soft boiling the eggs first and adding that to the drink. Don't want to waste perfectly good egg whites, but they're pretty blah without the yolks, the best part, and I don't eat raw egg whites due to the problems they cause with digestion.
To Kimberly Gail
written by Ruth, Jun 09 2013
Metric Conversions at http://www.metric-conversions....ounces.htm
is a good place to do conversions. As stated in the article 100 gm is about 4 ounces, or 3.5274 oz., to be precise. This is by avoirdupois weight, (16 ounces to the pound) not volume ounces. Measuring cups are for measuring by volume, although for kitchen use the difference MIGHT be neglible for many things.

As more and more recipes are showing up in the United States and online in metric and using weight more than volume it would be a good idea to get a small food scale. For most kitchen uses a 2-3 pound scale is sufficient. They all have metric markings in addition to English measurements as far as I can tell. All my volume measures are in English and Metric already. Weight is far more accurate than volume anyway, especially for large scale food projects, as food gets compressed over time so the volume changes, but the weight remains the same.

If you get a scale that weights more than about 2 pounds it will not be so accurate for smaller measurements. (That is unless you have lots of money to afford very high quality, accurate equipment.) In time you may decide you need two different scales if you start doing large quantities. If you're talking about measuring liver in teaspoons or tablespoons there is no correlation as, again, you're comparing weight and volume. You'll just have to get some liver and see how much a teaspoon of it weighs. Maybe someone you know who has a scale can do it for you. I'd do it but my, cheap but accurate scale broke and I'm in the process of looking for a better quality one. I'm guessing 1 gram may be around 1/2 teaspoon, but that's really a rough guess.
how big & how many
written by Kimberly Gail, May 29 2013
I don't have a way to measure grams. I was going to make liver pills to freeze and try. Does anyone know a way other than grams to explain how big should I cut the pills and about how many should I take daily?
written by Dave, May 01 2013
I just wanted to clarify an error above -- that liver contains folic acid. It does not. Folic acid is a synthetic form of folate, not for human consumption. Liver is indeed full of folate, but no folic acid, thank God.
Re:Why did liver make my baby sick?
written by Scott, Feb 10 2013
Hi Anne, we had the same thing happen with our daughter and I know of a few others who have experienced this as well. It is the egg not the liver. The yolk of the egg is less allergenic than the white but still some children are not able to tolerate it a such a young age. I think this may be one area the foundation needs to examine and perhaps be more vigilant about warning parents of the possibility of a reaction such as this.
Turkey liver
written by john k, Dec 27 2012
The chart here says turkey liver has around 18000 (I assume IU) of Vitamin A per ~100 grams. Most nutritional sites state it actually has around 70000 IU per 100 grams. Which is it? That is quite a difference.
Why did liver make my baby sick?
written by Anne, Dec 08 2012
I fed my baby a tiny bit of frozen grated liver in egg yolk and she got food poisoning (or at least that's what it looked like to me). She threw up for 5 hours and was very lethargic. I really want her to benefit from all the nutrients. Did I prepare it wrong? I thawed it, cut it into small pieces (to better grate) and then froze it again for 2 weeks. She was 6 months old when I fed it to her. Please advise.
Article on Vit. A.
written by Wyandotte, Nov 02 2012
Now I really don't know what to think. As far as I can see, it's total intake this author is talking about, rather than just from pills. What's the score here, anybody know?
Well,, Low-rated comment [Show]
How much liver for children?
written by jon, Jun 16 2012
How much liver is healthy for a two year old?
Raw Liver
written by Bob Mears, Jun 10 2012
I want to start making a raw liver drink. was thinking about blending raw liver into ice cube trays to freeze for the fourteen day reguirement. twice weekly I would take 1 cube with other ingregients for the cocktail. Will the liver retain it's nutritional values. Is this a good idea?

Oh so mild rabbit liver!
written by Susan D, Apr 19 2012
Want to eat liver but don't like the flavor? Try rabbit liver. It is almost tasteless as far as liver goes, very mild. My favorite way to cook liver is to flood it in Worcestershire sauce while quick frying it with onion powder. It is fantastic!Probably could marinate it instead also.
written by Gina, Feb 25 2012
Can you cook liver in your bone broth and eat it? Or does it lose nutrients?
written by Stan, Feb 10 2012
"...His daughter, Charlotte Gerson, later dropped this part of the protocol because of the unavailability of fresh clean liver without bacterial contamination. Now a crude liver extract injection or desiccated liver tablets are used in the current protocol. However, Dr. Nicholas Gonzalez, a New York doctor who treats cancer holistically, insists that all his patients eat raw liver..."


My sister died from pancreatic cancer because she follow Charlotte Gerson diet instead of Max Gerson raw liver diet. I try my best to convince her to eat raw liver...she didn't do it...because I am not a professional.
soaking the liver - does it affect nutrient content?
written by a., Nov 07 2011
does anybody know if soaking the liver, in lemon juice/vinegar as mentioned here, or in milk, as i've seen in many pate recipes, has an effect on the nutrient content of the liver? i wonder/worry whether it leaches any of the vitamins or minerals from the liver. i can't find ANYthing on this topic. i tend to just rinse, not drain, but i really have a hard time with the strong flavor of the liver, and i'm considering for my next go-around, doing the soak. but only if it doesn't reduce nutrient content. (also, i tend to drain/rinse, but i wonder if i'm losing good nutrients that way too - from the blood i'm discarding.)
frozen liver
written by EllenHoam, Feb 21 2011
I have plenty of liver from a grass-fed cow, but itas frozen in slices at the butcher. I would like to cut it into "pea-sized pill" to use raw, but not sure if the fact that it is already forzen is a problem. Can I just dice up the frozen liver and put it back in the freezer, or did I really need to start with fresh liver and freeze it only after dicing it up?
Arctic explorers
written by Jonathan, Jan 11 2011
According to another article on this site (I can't remember which, unfortunately...) the case where Arctic explorers were poisoned by the livers was due to cadmium accumulating in the livers of certain animals, not due to the vitamins.

Just thought it should be pointed out. smilies/smiley.gif
Fermented raw beef liver patte is OK?
written by Oscar N, Nov 15 2010
Someone knows if this liver preparation still good or the fermentation affect the nutrional value. I use this recipe:
which start the fermentation process with homemade whey, I use whey from milk kefir.
More on Liver
written by Sandrine Hahn, Aug 07 2010
See this post on the topic of liver from the Nourishing Our Children Facebook page, whether or not you are on Facebook
It is so cheap as well!
written by Robert, May 03 2010
I love liver and, in fact, I love all offal. Not only does it tend to be very nutritious as it has fallen out of fashion it is incredibly cheap. Lamb's liver is, as I type, about ÂŁ2 per kilo in the butcher. If you can stomach it ox liver is ÂŁ1.50 per kilo and pig's liver is about the same price. Even cheaper you can get a whole pigs head for ÂŁ2.00 and sweetbreads, lungs, hearts, kidneys and tripe are all really cheap. People don't seem to eat eat these any longer but that is all the better for me. When I used to live near a large abattoir I used to see ethnic communities from all over the world queuing outside for these cuts - British people don't know what they are missing.
Fish Liver?
written by Sarah H, Apr 06 2010
Hi. I love all the info you have here on liver and its benefits/preparations, etc. I have heard of people eating monkfish liver and raving over it. Recently we caught a HUGE Amberjack and I saved the liver from it. I was wondering if you think this could be prepared like monkfish liver? I have soaked it to removed all the blood. Thank you!
written by Sasuke Healthdiets, Apr 04 2010
Yes, liver had to be one of the most important organs. Organs are preferred over muscle meat by the old native Indians and carnivores.
The nutrients are stored in the organs that do more work. Your muscles just sit there. Organs like heart/lung and sometimes liver NEVER (ever) stop going. No wonder they increase endurance 100x fold.
Native Americans typically made jerky out of meat, and it times of plenty they just threw it away.With enough organs it was useless. Thats why they made jerky, to save it for later.
raw liver in mexico
written by ryan b, Feb 20 2010
2 years ago I spent a month in puerto vallarta, mexico. Just before the trip I had started eating raw meat a la Aajonus Vonderplanitz, and since I was there on vacation I had plenty of time to read. In my reading I noticed that he emphasized organs over muscle meats. In mexico, if you're buying your meat from a small meat shop (carniceria) then there's a good chance that it comes from wholesome, grass fed, locally raised cattle. And I asked to make sure, and indeed it was, in fact I could see the cattle grazing every time I would travel from La Cruz to PV. You could also tell by the color of the meat, which instead of being bright red, was more of a deep luscious purple color. On my last day I went in to pick up some meat for my raw dinner that night as I did every couple days and she had some liver there. I asked her if that is what it was since there are no labels, only many different types and cuts of meat laid out in the case. She said it was and urged me to try some. I agreed and asked for a quarter kilo. I didn't get to eat any that night, but before brought some with me to the airport and while I was waiting in a nearby skyway overlooking the highway on a sweltering winter day I timidly tried a bite. I couldn't believe how delicious it was! It was oh so tender, with the mildest but incredible flavor. I quickly consumed the rest, wishing that I had been enjoying it the entire trip. The closest food I can liken it to is Uni, as in raw sea urchin. It was quite warm when I had it and practically melted in my mouth. So when I got back to the US, naturally having quite enjoyed the experience, I asked my newly found raw milk people who sometimes butcher a cow if they would sell me the liver. They gladly a wopping $7/pound. So there I was biting in to my fresh grass fed, organic beef liver....but wait, something's wrong. The flavor is so strong, and it's got a crisp tripe like texture to it, certainly not the mild, melt-in-your-mouth experience of the week before, what gives? To the best of my knowledge the difference is simply in the breed of cattle and the type of forage they were on. I just had some bison liver today from the local co-op that was much closer to what I had in mexico but still very strong, I don't know if it's grass fed but it is hormone and antibiotic free. Anyway, with this bison meat I will probably get back to eating raw liver daily. I should mention that I've been eating raw meat from all different animals (cow, chickens, sheep, turkey, snake, fish, etc) for over two years now and with the exception of a traveling full body rash I got when (foolishly) eating confinement op. beef at the very beginning, I have not suffered one other problem from it. I love raw foods, I feel so much better on them and though I still eat plenty of cooked foods, I know that for ideal health, raw and fermented foods are the way to go!

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Last Updated on Tuesday, 09 June 2009 16:48