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A Growing Wise Kids Column
Food is what nourishes the body and makes us healthy and strong–especially when one’s weight hovers around 20 pounds! Infant nutrition is critical for ensuring proper development, maximizing learning capacities and preventing illness. At no other time in life is nutrition so important. But which foods are best? The research clearly points in the direction of Weston A. Price Foundation principles.
Breast or Bottle
Numerous studies support the benefits of breastfeeding. For example, breastfed babies tend to be more robust, intelligent and free of allergies and other complaints like intestinal difficulties.1 Other studies have shown that breastfed infants have reduced rates of respiratory illnesses and ear infections.2,3 Some researchers believe breastfed infants have greater academic potential than formula-fed infants, which is thought to be due to the fatty acid DHA found in mother’s milk and not in most US formulas.4
However, other studies show the opposite. In 2001, a study found breastfed children had more asthma than bottle-fed.5 A Swedish study found that breastfed infants were just as likely to develop childhood ear infections6 and childhood cancer as formula-fed babies.7
So, what is best for baby? It comes down to nutrition! Hands down, healthy breast milk is perfectly designed for baby’s physical and mental development, but this is only true when mom supplies her body with the right nutrients.
The typical modern diet is filled with products based on sugar, white flour, additives and commercial fats and oils, which do not nourish and build. The proper nutrients are necessary to create breast milk that will provide all a growing baby needs. These include good quality proteins from foods such as grass-fed meats and organ meats, good quality fats from butter, coconut oil, olive oil, cod liver oil and egg yolks, as well as complex carbohydrate-rich foods like vegetables, whole grains and legumes–think whole food, natural and seasonal, with a big emphasis on healthy fat.
Bottom line, in a perfect world, with perfect nutrition, every woman would breastfeed. Unfortunately, we don’t live in a perfect world. What about low milk supply, an unwell mother or adoption? Luckily, it is possible to make a wholesome whole food baby formula. (See FAQs on Homemade Baby Formula.)
After (or With) the Breast or Bottle
Ideally, breastfeeding should be maintained for a year, with a goal of six months for working mothers. The first year of life requires a full spectrum of nutrients, including fats, protein, cholesterol, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals. Once breast milk is no longer the sole source of these nutrients, where should one go?
There are three concepts to keep in mind. First, make your little one a “whole foods baby”! Avoid processed and refined foods as much as possible, including many brands of baby food; they are usually devoid of nutrients and have added “undesirables.” It is always best to make your own baby food from organic, whole foods. (You can freeze it in one-serving sizes for later use.) Better-quality, additive-free, prepared brands of baby food, like Earth’s Best, do exist, but it is still better to make your own baby food to be assured of the quality–plus making baby food puts mom on the right track for home food preparation for the years to come.
Second, go slowly and be observant; every baby will have an individual response to different foods. Introduce new foods one at a time and continue to feed that same food for at least four days to rule out the possibility of a negative reaction. Signs of intolerance include redness around the mouth; abdominal bloating, gas and distention; irritability, fussiness, over-activity and awaking throughout the night; constipation and diarrhea; frequent regurgitation of foods; nasal and/or chest congestion; and red, chapped or inflamed eczema-like skin rash.8
Finally, respect the tiny, still-developing digestive system of your infant. Babies have limited enzyme production, which is necessary for the digestion of foods. In fact, it takes up to 28 months, just around the time when molar teeth are fully developed, for the big-gun carbohydrate enzymes (namely amylase) to fully kick into gear. Foods like cereals, grains and breads are very challenging for little ones to digest. Thus, these foods should be some of the last to be introduced. (One carbohydrate enzyme a baby’s small intestine does produce is lactase, for the digestion of lactose in milk.1)
Foods introduced too early can cause digestive troubles and increase the likelihood of allergies (particularly to those foods introduced). The baby’s immature digestive system allows large particles of food to be absorbed. If these particles reach the bloodstream, the immune system mounts a response that leads to an allergic reaction. Six months is the typical age when solids should be introduced,9,10,11 however, there are a few exceptions.
Babies do produce functional enzymes (pepsin and proteolytic enzymes) and digestive juices (hydrochloric acid in the stomach) that work on proteins and fats.12 This makes perfect sense since the milk from a healthy mother has 50-60 percent of its energy as fat, which is critical for growth, energy and development.13 In addition, the cholesterol in human milk supplies an infant with close to six times the amount most adults consume from food.13 In some cultures, a new mother is encouraged to eat six to ten eggs a day and almost ten ounces of chicken and pork for at least a month after birth. This fat-rich diet ensures her breast milk will contain adequate healthy fats.14
Thus, a baby’s earliest solid foods should be mostly animal foods since his digestive system, although immature, is better equipped to supply enzymes for digestion of fats and proteins rather than carbohydrates.1 This explains why current research is pointing to meat (including nutrient-dense organ meat) as being a nourishing early weaning food.
Is Cereal the Best First Food?
Remember, the amount of breast milk and/or formula decreases when solid foods are introduced. This decrease may open the door for insufficiencies in a number of nutrients critical for baby’s normal growth and development. The nutrients that are often in short supply when weaning begins include protein, zinc, iron and B-vitamins. One food group that has these nutrients in ample amounts is meat.
Unfortunately, cereal is the most often recommended early weaning food. A recent Swedish study suggests that when infants are given substantial amounts of cereal, they may suffer from low concentrations of zinc and reduced calcium absorption.15
In the US, Dr. Nancy Krebs headed up a large infant growth study that found breastfed infants who received puréed or strained meat as a primary weaning food beginning at four to five months grew at a slightly faster rate. Kreb’s study suggests that inadequate protein or zinc from common first foods may limit the growth of some breastfed infants during the weaning period. More importantly, both protein and zinc levels were consistently higher in the diets of the infants who received meat.16 Thus, the custom of providing large amounts of cereals and excluding meats before seven months of age may short-change the nutritional requirements of the infant.17
Meat is also an excellent source of iron. Heme iron (the form of iron found in meat) is better absorbed than iron from plant sources (non-heme). Additionally, the protein in meat helps the baby more easily absorb iron from other foods.18 Two recent studies19,20 have examined iron status in breastfed infants who received meat earlier in the weaning period. While researchers found no measurable change in breastfed babies’ iron stores when they received an increased amount of meat, the levels of hemoglobin (iron-containing cells) circulating in the bloodstream did increase. Meat also contains a much greater amount of zinc than cereals, which means more is absorbed.21 These studies confirm the practices of traditional peoples, who gave meat–usually liver–as the first weaning food. Furthermore, the incidence of allergic reactions to meat is minimal and lower still when puréed varieties are used.17,22,23,24
Don’t Fear Fats!
Pediatric clinicians have known for some time that children fed low-fat and low-cholesterol diets fail to grow properly. After all, a majority of mother’s milk is fat, much of it saturated fat. Children need high levels of fat throughout growth and development. Milk and animal fats give energy and also help children build muscle and bone.1 In addition, the animal fats provide vitamins A and D necessary for protein and mineral assimilation, normal growth and hormone production.27
Choose a variety of foods so your child gets a range of fats, but emphasize stable saturated fats, found in butter, meat and coconut oil, and monounsaturated fats, found in avocados and olive oil.
Foods to Introduce
Egg yolks, rich in choline, cholesterol and other brain-nourishing substances, can be added to your baby’s diet as early as four months,1 as long as baby takes it easily. (If baby reacts poorly to egg yolk at that age, discontinue and try again one month later.) Cholesterol is vital for the insulation of the nerves in the brain and the entire central nervous system. It helps with fat digestion by increasing the formation of bile acids and is necessary for the production of many hormones. Since the brain is so dependent on cholesterol, it is especially vital during this time when brain growth is in hyper-speed.25 Choline is another critical nutrient for brain development. The traditional practice of feeding egg yolks early is confirmed by current research. A study published in the June 2002 issue of the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition compared the nutritional effects of feeding weaning infants 6-12 months of age regular egg yolks, enriched egg yolks, and an otherwise normal diet. The researchers found that both breastfed and formula-fed infants who consumed the egg yolks had improved iron levels when compared with the infants who did not. In addition, those infants who got the egg yolks enriched with extra fatty acids had 30 percent to 40 percent greater DHA levels than those fed regular egg yolks. No significant effect on blood cholesterol levels was seen.26
Thus, the best choice for baby is yolks from pasture-fed hens raised on flax meal, fish meal, or insects since they will contain higher levels of DHA. Why just the yolk? The white is the portion that most often causes allergic reactions, so wait to give egg whites until after your child turns one.1,11
Don’t neglect to put a pinch of salt on the egg yolk. While many books warn against giving salt to babies, salt is actually critical for digestion as well as for brain development. Use unrefined salt to supply a variety of trace minerals.
Around four months is a good time to start offering cod liver oil, which is an excellent source of the omega-3 fatty acids DHA and EPA (also important for brain develoment) as well as vitamins A and D. Start with a 1/4 teaspoon of high-vitamin cod liver oil or 1/2 teaspoon regular dose cod liver oil, doubling the amount at 8 months.12 Use an eye dropper at first; later baby can take cod liver oil mixed with a little water or fresh orange juice.
If baby is very mature and seems hungry, he may be given mashed banana during this period. Ripe banana is a great food for babies because it contains amylase enzymes to digest carbohydrates.1
At Six Months
Puréed meats can be given at six months (or even earlier if baby is very mature). Meats will help ensure adequate intake of iron, zinc, and protein with the decrease in breast milk and formula.17
A variety of fruits can be introduced at this time. Avocado, melon, mangoes and papaya can be mashed and given raw. High-pectin fruits such as peaches, apricots, apples, pears, cherries and berries should be cooked to break down the pectin, which can be very irritating to the digestive tract.
As time goes by, move up in complexity with food and texture. At about six to eight months, vegetables may be introduced, one at a time so that any adverse reactions may be observed. Carrots, sweet potatoes and beets are excellent first choices. All vegetables should be cooked (steamed preferably), mashed and mixed with a liberal amount of fat, such as butter or coconut oil, to provide nutrients to aid in digestion.
Early introduction to different tastes is always a good plan to prevent finickiness. Feed your little one a touch of buttermilk, yogurt or kefir from time to time to familiarize them with the sour taste. Lacto-fermented roots, like sweet potato or taro, are another excellent food for babies to add at this time.1
At Eight Months
Baby can now consume a variety of foods including creamed vegetable soups, homemade stews and dairy foods such as cottage cheese, mild harder raw cheese, cream and custards. Hold off on grains until one year, with the possible exception of soaked and thoroughly cooked brown rice, which can be served earlier to babies who are very mature.
At One Year
Grains, nuts and seeds should be the last food given to babies. This food category has the most potential for causing digestive disturbances or allergies. Babies do not produce the needed enzymes to handle cereals, especially gluten-containing grains like wheat, before the age of one year. Even then, it is a common traditional practice to soak grains in water and a little yogurt or buttermilk for up to 24 hours. This process jump-starts the enzymatic activity in the food and begins breaking down some of the harder-to-digest components.1 The easiest grains to digest are those without gluten like brown rice. When grains are introduced, they should be soaked for at least 24 hours and cooked with plenty of water for a long time. This will make a slightly sour, very thin porridge that can be mixed with other foods.29
After one year, babies can be given nut butters made with crispy nuts (recipe in Nourishing Traditions), cooked leafy green vegetables, raw salad vegetables, citrus fruit and whole egg.
Extra Feeding Baby Tid-Bits
- How do you know when it’s time to add solids? Observe your baby’s signs. When infants are ready for solids they start leaning forward at the sight of food and opening their mouths in a preparatory way. In addition, babies should be able to sit up and coordinate breathing with swallowing. Finally, infants will stop pushing their tongue out when a spoon or bit of food is placed in their mouth–a reflex common in infants that disappears at around four months of age.30
- Keep in mind, all babies are different and will not enjoy or tolerate the same foods or textures. Experiment by offering different foods with various textures. Remember, just because your baby doesn’t like a food the first time it is introduced does not mean he will not like it the second time. Continue to offer the food, but never force.
- Baby’s food should be lightly seasoned with unrefined salt, but there is no need to add additional seasonings, such as herbs and spices in the beginning. However by 10-12 months, your baby may enjoy a variety of natural seasonings.
- To increase variety, take a small portion of the same food you are preparing for the rest of the grown-up family (before seasoning), or leftovers, and purée it for baby (thin or thicken accordingly).
- To gradually make food lumpier, purée half of the food, roughly mash the other half and combine the two.
- Frozen finger foods are a great way to soothe a baby’s teething pain
- Keep a selection of plain yogurt, cottage cheese, eggs, fresh fruit, and fresh or frozen vegetables handy to prepare almost instant natural baby food any time–even when vacationing or traveling.
- Organic foods have minimal toxicity, thus placing a smaller chemical burden on the body. This is particularly a benefit for our youngsters. They are more vulnerable to pesticide exposure because their organs and body systems are not fully developed and, in relation to body weight, they eat and drink more than adults. Furthermore, the presence of these chemicals in the environment leads to further contamination of our air, waterways and fields.
- There are different ideas concerning when to offer babies water. Many resources suggest giving water about the same time solids are introduced. This is often in combination with cup drinking or sippy-cup training. Keep in mind, breast milk and formula are providing the majority of nutrients in the first 6-9 months, so it is important not to allow a baby to get too full on water. When solids become a larger part of the diet, more liquid may be needed for hydration and digestion. Also, extreme heat, dehydration, vomiting, and fever may also indicate a need for extra water. Bottom line: follow your baby’s cues. Always serve filtered water to your baby. You can add a pinch of unrefined salt to the water for minerals.
- Let baby eat with a silver spoon–the small amount of silver he will get from this really does help fight infection!
Just Say No
One important warning: do not give your child juice, which contains too much simple sugar and may ruin a child’s appetite for the more nourishing food choices. Soy foods, margarine and shortening, and commercial dairy products (especially ultra-pasteurized) should also be avoided, as well as any products that are reduced-fat or low-fat.
By the way, baby fat is a good thing; babies need those extra folds for all the miraculous development their bodies are experiencing. Chubby babies grow up into slim, muscular adults.
Common sense prevails when looking at foods that best nourish infant’s. A breastfeeding mother naturally produces the needed nutrition when she consumes the necessary nutrients. The composition of healthy breast milk gives us a blueprint for an infants needs from there on out. Finally, be an example. Although you won’t be able to control what goes into your child’s mouth forever, you can set the example by your own excellent food choices and vibrant health.
Egg Yolk (4 months +)
Boil an egg for three to four minutes (longer at higher altitudes), peel away the shell, discard the white and mash up yolk with a little unrefined sea salt. (The yolk should be soft and warm, not runny.) Small amounts of grated, raw organic liver (which has been frozen 14 days) may be added to the egg yolk after 6 months. Some mothers report their babies actually prefer the yolk with the liver. From Nourishing Traditions by Sally Fallon.
Pureed Meats (6 months +)
Cook meat gently in filtered water or homemade stock until completely tender, or use meat from stews, etc., that you have made for your family. Make sure the cooked meat is cold and is in no bigger than 1-2 inch chunks when you puree. Grind up the meat first until it’s almost like a clumpy powder. Then add water, formula or breast milk, or the natural cooking juices as the liquid.
Baby Pate (6 months +)
Place 1/4 pound organic chicken livers and 1/4 cup broth or filtered water in a saucepan, bring to a boil and reduce heat. Simmer for eight minutes. Pour into a blender (liver and liquid) with 1-2 teaspoons butter and a pinch of seasalt and blend to desired consistency.
Vegetable Puree (6 months +)
Use squash, sweet potatoes, parsnips, rutabagas, carrots or beets. Cut vegetables in half, scoop out seeds from squash and bake in a 400 degree oven for about an hour, or steam them (in the case of carrots and beets) for 20 to 25 minutes. Mix in butter when puréeing. You can cook these vegetables for your own dinner and purée a small portion in a blender or food mill for your baby. From Natural Baby Care by Mindy Pennybacker.
Fruit Sauce (6 months +)
Use fresh or frozen peaches, nectarines, apples, blueberries, cherries, pears, berries or a combination. Note: Whenever possible, use organic fruit, and peel the fruit if it is not organic. Cut fruit and put in a saucepan with 1 cup filtered water for every 1/2 cup of fruit. Bring to a boil; reduce to a simmer about 15 minutes or until the fruit is cooked. Purée the mixture in a blender or food mill and strain if necessary. Don’t add sugar or spices but you can stir in a little butter or cream. From Natural Baby Care by Mindy Pennybacker.
Dried Apricot Puree (6 months +)
Bring 2 cups filtered water to a boil with 1 pound unsulphured dried apricots and simmer for 15 minutes. Reserve any leftover liquid to use for the puree. Puree, adding the reserved liquid as necessary to achieve a smooth, thin puree. May be blended with some butter.
Fermented Sweet Potato (6 months +)
Poke a few holes in 2 pounds sweet potatoes and bake in an oven at 300 degrees for about 2 hours or until soft. Peel and mash with 1 teaspoon seasalt and 4 tablespoons whey. Place in a bowl, cover, and leave at room temperature for 24 hours. Place in an airtight container and store in the refrigerator. From Nourishing Traditions by Sally Fallon.
Baby Custard (6 months +)
Mix 1 cup raw milk or whole coconut milk, 1 cup raw cream, 6 egg yolks, 1/2 teaspoon vanilla and a pinch of stevia powder. Pour into buttered ramekin dishes. Place ramekins into a Pyrex dish filled part-way with water. Preheat oven to 310 degrees and cook for about 1 hour.
Smoothie for Baby(8 months +)
Blend 1 cup whole yoghurt with 1/2 banana or 1/2 cup puréed fruit, 1 raw egg yolk (from an organic or pastured chicken) and a pinch of stevia.
Coconut Fish Pate (8 months +)
Place 1 cup leftover cooked fish, 1/4 teaspoon seasalt, 1/4 teaspoon fresh lime juice in a food processor and process with a few pulses. Add 1/2-1 cup coconut cream or whole coconut milk to obtain desired consistency.
Cereal Gruel for Baby (1 year +)
Mix 1/2 cup freshly ground organic flour of spelt, Kamut® , rye, barley or oats with 2 cups warm filtered water mixture plus 2 tablespoons yoghurt, kefir or buttermilk. Cover and leave at room temperature for 12 to 24 hours. Bring to a boil, stirring frequently. Add 1/4 teaspoon salt, reduce heat and simmer, stirring occasionally, about 10 minutes. Let cool slightly and serve with cream or butter and small amount of a natural sweetener, such as raw honey. From Nourishing Traditions by Sally Fallon.
Salmon and Rice Mousse (1 year +)
Heat 2 cups chicken broth to a slow boil and add 1/4 cup soaked brown rice. Lower the heat, cover tightly, and let cook for 30 minutes or until it is almost done. Wash 3 ounces salmon thoroughly and remove all bones carefully. Add the salmon to the rice, cover, and let it poach for 10 minutes or until done all the way through. Allow the salmon and rice to cool enough that it can be puréed safely in the blender or food processor. If it is too thick, add just enough water to obtain the consistency you want. Season with a little seasalt.Serve with a puréed vegetable. From The Crazy Makers by Carol Simontacchi.
Crispy Nut Butter (1 year +)
Purée equal amounts of crispy nuts, raw honey and coconut oil. Add salt to taste. Serve at room temperature. From Nourishing Traditions by Sally Fallon.
Foods By Age
Minimal solid foods as tolerated by baby
Egg yolk–if tolerated, preferably from pastured chickens, lightly boiled and salted
Banana–mashed, for babies who are very mature and seem hungry
Cod liver oil— 1/4 teaspoon high vitamin or 1/2 teaspoon regular, given with an eye dropper
Organic liver–grated frozen and added to egg yolk
Pureed meats–lamb, turkey, beef, chicken, liver and fish
Butter and Cream: Added to any pureed foods
Soup broth–(chicken, beef, lamb, fish) added to pureed meats and vegetables, or offered as a drink
Fermented foods–small amounts of yoghurt, kefir, sweet potato, taro, if desired
Raw mashed fruits–banana, melon, mangoes, papaya, avocado
Cooked, pureed fruits–organic apricot, peaches, pears, apples, cherries, berries
Cooked vegetables–zucchini, squash, sweet potato, carrots, beets, with butter or coconut oil
Continue to add variety and increase thickness and lumpiness of the foods already given from 4-8 months
Creamed vegetable soups
Homemade stews–all ingredinets cut small or mashed
Dairy–cottage cheese, mild harder raw cheese, cream, custards
Finger foods–when baby can grab and adequately chew, such as lightly steamed veggie sticks, mild cheese, avocado chunks, pieces of banana
Cod liver oil–increase to 1/2 teaspoon high vitamin or 1 teaspooon regular dose
Over 1 Year
Grains and legumes–properly soaked and cooked
Crispy nut butters–see recipes in Nourishing Traditions
Leafy green vegetables–cooked, with butter
Raw salad vegetables–cucumbers, tomatoes, etc.
Citrus fruit–fresh, organic
Foods to avoid28
Up to 6 months: Certain foods, such as spinach, celery, lettuce, radishes, beets, turnips and collard greens, may contain excessive nitrate, which can be converted into nitrite (an undesirable substance) in the stomach. Leafy green vegetables are best avoided until 1 year. When cooking vegetables that may contain these substances, do not use the water they were cooked in to purée.
Up to 9 months: Citrus and tomato, which are common allergens.
Up to 1 year: Because infants do not produce strong enough stomach acid to deactivate potential botulism spores, infants should refrain from eating honey.1 Use blackstrap molasses, which is high in iron and calcium. Egg whites should also be avoided up to one year due to their high allergenic potential.
ALWAYS: Commercial dairy products (especially ultra-pasteurized), modern soy foods, margarines and shortening, fruit juices, reduced-fat or low-fat foods, extruded grains and all processed foods.
Making Homemade Baby Food
Making homemade baby food may not be as easy as opening a can, but once you have organized a cook-and-freeze routine, it is a snap. This gives you the control over food choices and cooking methods, and allows you to avoid synthetic preservatives. With careful preparation, you will maximize the nutrient and enzyme content of your baby’s food. This will make for easier digestion and better overall nutrition. One timesaving method is to cook and purée a selection of fruits, vegetables, and meats in adult quantities, and freeze them in glass custard dishes or porcelain ramekins, or just clumps on a baking sheet. These cubes can be placed in freezer bags, labeled and sealed, available for quick thawing and reheating. Thawing in the refrigerator is the most nutrient-saving method. Simply place a covered dish containing food cubes in the fridge; they will thaw in three to four hours. It only takes one to two hours at room temperature. When on the go, put the cubes in a glass container and add hot water or place the container in hot water to thaw.
Little attention is necessary to seasoning baby foods, but texture is important. Besides the basic taste, the smoothness or thickness of a food concerns baby most. To thin purées, use milk or formula. Puréed potatoes, winter squash, bananas, carrots, yogurt, nut or seed paste, and peas make great thickeners.
The only special equipment you need is a food processor, blender or a baby food mill and a simple metal collapsible steamer basket. Don’t forget the unbreakable bowls, baby spoons, and bibs. Two-handed weighted cups for drinking lessons are also a must.
How much at each meal?
With the rough outline below, one food portion is equal to approximately one tablespoon, depending on the type of ice cube or other food trays you may be using for freezing baby food. Start out slowly. Prepare a teaspoon-sized portion of whatever food you have chosen to begin with. Your baby will most likely only eat half of that small portion for the first few attempts with solids. Ultimately, baby will tell you how much he should eat. Your main concern should be making what he does eat as nutritious as possible. As your baby becomes accustomed to eating solids, you can gradually increase the portion size. Once you have ruled out sensitivities/allergies to different foods, be sure to rotate the acceptable foods in the diet–meaning, try to avoid having the same food day in and day out. The following are guidelines for 6-8 months:
- Breakfast: Breast milk or formula, 1 egg yolk, 1 cube meat, 1-2 tablespoons cottage cheese or smoothie
- Lunch: Breast milk or formula, mashed banana or 1 cube fruit or vegetable
- Snack/Dinner: Breast milk or formula and 1 cube of meat, 1-2 tablespoons fermented taro or sweet potato
Portions increase for 8-10 months:
- Breakfast: Breast milk or formula, 1 egg yolk, 1-2 cubes fruit or vegetable, and 1 cube meat
- Lunch: Breast milk or formula, 1-2 cubes meat, 1-3 cubes vegetable, optional dairy such as yogurt or cheese
- Dinner: Breast milk or formula, 2 cubes meat, 1-3 cubes fruit and vegetables, yogurt or cheese
- Snacks: Finger foods or smoothie
Remember, not all babies will be eating the same amounts or foods. This portion outline is just an example. Some infants are not ready to eat 3 “meals” per day until well into the 9-10 month range. You should use the above information as a guide only and keep to your infant’s development and eating habits as well as your pediatrician’s advice.30
Not a Good Idea for Babies! (Or Their Parents or Brothers and Sisters Either!)
Almond Breeze Vanilla (Almond Milk): Purified water, evaporated cane juice, almonds, tricalcium phosphate, natural vanilla flavor and other natural flavors, sea salt, potassium citrate, carrageenan, soy lecithin, d-alpha tocopherol (natural vitamin E), vitamin A palmitate, vitamin D2
Rice Dream “Heartwise” Rice Drink Original: Filtered water, brown rice (partially milled) gum arabic, expeller pressed high oleic safflower oil, tricalcium phosphate, CorowiseTM phytosterol esters, sea salt, vitamin A palmitate, vitamin D2, vitamin B12
365 Organic Rice Milk Vanilla: Filtered water, partially milled organic rice, organic expeller pressed canola oil, tricalcium phosphate, natural vanilla flavor with other natural flavors, sea salt, carrageenan, vitamin A palmitate, vitamin D.
- Fallon, Sally. Nourishing Traditions. NewTrends Publishing. 1999
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- Scariati PD. A longitudinal analysis of infant mortality and the extent of breast-feeding in the US. Pediatrics. 1997;99:5-12.
- Pediatrics 1998;101(1):37985
- Y Takemura and others. Relaton between Breastfeeding and the Prevalence of Asthma: The Tokorozawa Childhood Asthma and Pollinosis Study. American Journal of Epidemiology. July 2001;154(2):11509
- K W Wefring and others. Nasal congestion and earache – upper respiratory tract infections in 4-year-old children. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. April 30, 2001;121(11):1329-32
- I Hardell and A C Dreifaldt. Breastfeeding duration and the risk of malignant diseases in childhood in Sweden. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. March 2001;55(3):179-85
- Percival, Mark. D.C. N.D. Infant Nutrition. Health Coach System. 1995.
- Krohn, Jacqueline, M.D. Allergy Relief and Prevention. Hartly and Marks. 2000.
- Mendelsohn, Robert, M.D. How to Raise a Healthy Child in Spite of Your Doctor. Ballantine Books. 1984.
- Smith, Lendon, M.D. How to Raise a Healthy Child. M. Evans and Company. 1996.
- Thurston, Emory. Ph.D. ScD. Parents’ Guide to Nutrition for Tots to Teens. Keats Publishing. 1979.
- Jensen RG. Lipids in Human Milk. Lipids 1999;34:1243-1271
- Chen ZY, Kwan KY, Tong KK, Ratnayake WMN, Li HQ, Leung SSF. Breast Milk Fatty Acid Composition: A Comparative Study Between Hong Kong and Chongqing Chinese. Lipids 1997;32:1061-1067
- Persson, A. et al. Are weaning foods causing impaired iron and zinc status in 1-year-old Swedish infants? A cohort study. Acta Paediatr 1998; 87(6): 618-22
- Krebs, N. Research in Progress. Beef as a first weaning food. Food and Nutrition News 1998; 70(2):5
- Krebs, Nancy. Dietary Zinc and Iron Sources, Physical Growth and Cognitive Development of Breastfed Infants. Journal of Nutrition. 2000;130:358S-360S.
- Engelmann M. D., Davidsson L., Sanstrom B., Walczyk T., Hurrell R. F., Michaelsen K. F. The influence of meat on nonheme iron absorption in infants. Pediatr. Res. 1998a;43:768-7
- Makrides, M. et al. A randomized controlled clinical trial of increased dietary iron in breast-fed infants. J Pediatr 1998; 133(4): 559-62.
- Engelmann, M. et al. Meat intake and iron status in late infancy: an intervention study, J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 1998; 26(1): 26-33
- Jalla S., Steirn M. E., Miller L. V., Krebs N. F. Comparison of zinc absorption from beef vs iron fortified rice cereal in breastfed infants. FASEB J 1998;12:A346(abs.)
- Engelmann M. D., Sandstrom B., Michaelsen K. F. Meat intake and iron status in late infancy: an intervention study. J. Pediatr. Gastroenterol. Nutr. 1998b;26:26-33
- Westcott J. L., Simon N. B., Krebs N. F. Growth, zinc and iron status, and development of exclusively breastfed infants fed meat vs cereal as a first weaning food. FASEB J 1998;12:A847(abs.)
- Birch L. L., Grimm-Thomas K. Food acceptance patterns: children learn what they like. Pediatr. Basics 1996;75:2-6
- Sears, William, M.D. Sears, Martha, R.N. The Baby Book. Little, Brown, and Company. 1993.
- Nutritional effect of including egg yolk in the weaning diet of breast-fed and formula-fed infants: a randomized controlled trial. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 75, No. 6, 1084-1092, June 2002
- Enig, Mary. Ph.D. Dietary Recommendations for Children – A Recipe for Future Heart Disease? Accessed August 17, 2004.
- Pennybacker, Mindy and Ikramuddin, Aisha. Natural Baby Care. Mothers and Others for a Livable Planet. John Wiley and Sons, Inc. 1999.
- Cowan, Tom M.D. Feeding Our Children. Found at www.fourfoldhealing.com on January 12, 2005.
- Information found at www.wholesomebabyfood.com on December 29, 2004.
This article appeared in Wise Traditions in Food, Farming and the Healing Arts, the quarterly magazine of the Weston A. Price Foundation, Summer 2005.🖨️ Print post
Jenn Stacy says
I am very concerned to see almond milk listed as not good for babies or parents. I am currently breastfeeding a child with a dairy allergy and I only use almond milk for my cereal/ oatmeal. Can you please tell me why it’s bad?!? Thank you!!
It looks to me like the article is warning you away from specific brands of milk that have chemicals such as carrageenan in them. You can make your own almond milk or find a brand that has minimal ingredients and nothing that you don’t recognise added in.
I am wondering it they said no to that brand of almond milk because of the Carrageenan. WHat about almond milk without this ingredient, or homemade almond milk???
Homemade Almond milk is fine,there is a recipe for this in the Nourishing Traditions book. I wish I had this book 13yrs ago when I had my first daughter,it’s a great read.
Do you have a commercial formula that you can say is better than others. My milk supply is shot because my baby had tongue and lip tie and it took us too long to fix it. She refuses to nurse much and prefers the bottle. I cannot pump much as I am in El Salvador and don’t have access to a decent pump nor do I have enough milk to be able to satisfy her. I wanted to make her formula, but I cannot get safe milk here or organic liver. I hate feeding her formula, but my hands are tied. I am trying to find the best formula for her. They are all full of corn syrup and soy. 🙁
My daughter did well in the bone broth version of this diet for 1 1/2 months. She then developed diarrhea and it’s been a month straight. The doctors and nutritionist don’t have anymore ideas other than so much bone broth and I agree with them at this point. My child is severely allergic to milk, soy and now vitamin C seems to be bothering her too. She can’t have any probiotic that have been grown on diary either. We are out if ideas, shes grown the best on this diet, but it too has stopped being the solution as well. All the prescription formulas have failed in the way that she was still badly reacting to it and has really bad reflux. Since being on the bone broth diet, we took her off reflux mess and she was doing great. Any ideas on the this? Where do we go next? There is nothing anatomically wrong as we’ve done MRIs and such testing.
Have you considered goats milk? Research it. You cant buy it in a formula i dont believe, but there is a recipe in nourishing traditions for infant formula and use goat milk instead of cow based? Im currently researching this so please do your own investigation I dont want to give out any bad advice, but maybe rhis will help. My baby is breastfed and dairy sensitive, and even if I drink kefir she has a hard time tolerating it.
Non dairy probiotics like Water Kefir or Kombucha may work?
if you are vegetarian, do you just leave out the meat and dairy?
Tim Boyd says
Key nutrients are in the meat and dairy so we don’t recommend leaving them out.
Are we able to feed baby exactly how you’ve stated but baby led weaning?
Thanks for posting all these recommendations and all of the research! Deeply appreciated!
V informative article
Erica Pontius says
I’m having trouble getting the consistency of the egg yolks right. I either make them too runny or too hard. Could you please supply a picture of what they are supposed to look like. Thanks!
My daughter just turned 6 months old. She is strictly breastfed. I have recently tried egg yolks with her but they gave her intestinal distress and made her vomit. I am not a big dairy drinker but have been craving it. However every time I eat yogurt or drink raw milk my daughter colics. So my question is if these foods are so healthy for babies why does my daughter have such a problem with them?
I know this is a bit tardy, but I wanted to respond since no one else did. I am curious if you used eggs from a local farm or bought them from the store? Even the ‘organic’ store eggs tend to have a pale yellow yolk as opposed to the healthy deep orange that a true local free-range small farm has, which has made me wonder if the nutrition content is different. Since she reacted to the egg yolks, for the sake of reference, definitely would need to stop and wait a month, before trying it again, since it’s possible she may have an allergy or simply not be ready.
Also, with the raw milk: are you drinking goat’s milk or cow’s milk? Cow’s milk has a protein that is difficult for small babies to digest, which may be why she is having issues. Goat’s milk has a softer protein structure that is not so hard on the baby’s gut. And lastly – is the yogurt homemade full-fat, organic plain yogurt from the store, or a standard yogurt with cane sugar added?
Here are some links to a doctor who discusses goat’s milk vs. cow’s milk:
[editor’s note: link has been updated to myparenting.org]
Obviously raw is best, and I am merely recommending the article I linked to for the sake of the information about goat’s milk, not as an authority on how to feed infants.
Wonderful article! Thank you so much for posting. I am only feeding free range, organic, local foods to my daughter, and this provides the guidelines for type and amount that I’m looking for.
Hi, could someone please explain me, when introducing egg yolk at 4th month, what time of the day is best, does it matter? Should the egg yolk be served on its own or in addition to one of the milk servings. Thank you.
Any time you introduce a new food it should be during the day, when you will be able to observe if they have a reaction or not. (As opposed to night time, when they could react to food eaten and you may not notice because you/they are sleeping). As far as milk along with the egg, if they are already consuming breast milk (or formula) it doesn’t matter if they consume it along with the egg because you should already know if they can consume the breast milk or formula without reaction.
My daughter is nearly 8 months and we have been following the recommended solids. Recently we noticed her stool to be clay like and she sometimes turned red face trying to push out.
She usually has breatmilk after meals.
Could there be too much fibre?
She usually eats a mix of puréed meat with either sweet potato or carrot or some cooked apples and pears.
Tim Boyd says
Are you adding butter to the meat and some cream to the vegetables and fruit–it could be lack of enough fat. Baby should also be getting pureed liver and egg yolks.
This happened to us as well and then I learned that apple and carrot can be very constipating so we only feed those foods sparingly these days. We also noticed bananas to be very constipating as well but perhaps I didn’t let them ripen enough.
Should the Green Pasture cod liver oil in the baby formula be unflavored or is mint flavor ok?
Tim Boyd says
It would be best to use unflavored.
Our 10 month old has developed mild-moderate eczema (on her body, not her face) since we introduced solids at 6 months (we do our best to follow the Nourishing Traditions recommendations, except we exclusively breastfed until 6 months rather than introducing solids at 4 months). We live in Australia and unfortunately don’t have access to raw dairy, so have yet to give her dairy other than occasional grass fed (but pasteurised) butter in cooking (we alternate with coconut oil) and the butter oil in the Blue Ice Royal blend gel (which she enjoys immensely!) … we’ve recently stopped using the butter in cooking, suspecting dairy could be the culprit but should we also stop the Blue Ice Royal and switch to the straight cod liver oil? Could my own dairy consumption (mostly butter, cream, yoghurt & cheese – rarely milk – grass fed, but again, all pasteurised) be an issue as she is also still breastfeeding? Seems unlikely considering she didn’t react to it during the exclusive breastfeeding stage. Thanks!
Tim Boyd says
Reply from Sally,
You could cut out the butter oil to see what happens. I would give her lots of broth and use lard and lamb tallow for cooking.
my eight month old is highly allergic to cow’s milk, buter, cream, anything with milk solids and lactose. what should i use as fat?
Tim Boyd says
Reply from Sally:
You could use ghee and also lard and tallow.
If mentions to cool the meat before pureeing? Is there any reason you couldn’t purée straight away?
I have found that pureeing hot stuff tends to ‘explode.’ It may just be for practical reasons.
ie. Explode from the container that you’re using to puree – messy and burn hazard.
What brand of cod liver oil do you recommend for a 4 month old baby?
My 7 month old is highly reactive to cow dairy — what fat would be best to add to foods in place of the often-suggested butter? Would lard or high quality olive oil be suitable?
Just saw an above post about the lard and tallow being acceptable. Still curious about the olive oil as we use it a lot for the adults?
Could you clarify the age stops. Food 6-8 or 6+ means it includes 6 month or the food can be given only after finishing 6th month? That’s what confuses me in all baby food talk. I’m first time mother.
Tim Boyd says
When they are 6 months after being born, they they really should have some solid food. For a big robust baby, this can start earlier, at 4 months.
6 months + means that after they hit their 6 month birthday they can eat that food from then on.
6-8mo means, try these foods sometime between 6 & 8 months. If a child shows no adverse reaction to a food, there’s no reason to stop giving it to them.
Raising a baby is not an exact science or calendar follow your baby’s cues.
(I know this is a bit late for OP but I thought I’d answer for anyone else. Not an expert, just a mom of 6 🙂)
C. Munley says
Try marinating the raw liver in home-brewed kefir.
Does it matter if the chickens laying the eggs are fed soy? I am finding it difficult here in the UK to find any chickens that don’t have soy in their diets even organic ones.
Mutiah Kazeem says
Dreamers farm in somerset do soy free oragnic pasture raised eggs
What do you suggest for commercial free cottage cheese? Having trouble finding options. Thank you!!
I believe my 6 month old is sensitive to dairy as I have cut out all dairy and it has helped her reflux. That being the case, would an infant with lactose intolerance be able to handle whey (for lacto-fermenting)? I haven’t used it myself for fermenting just because I didn’t know if it is an issue. I would like to try the fermented sweet potatoes for her. Thanks!
Oh one other question, does the type of broth matter? I have had the best luck getting a very gelatin like broth from lamb bones. Just curious if any type is preferable for infants.
Amy Snedaker Hamilton says
My baby is 5 months old and I am getting ready to introduce solids soon. At what age can I start to offer her raw salmon eggs?
Amy Snedaker Hamilton says
(…from the Vital Choice Seafood company, approved by WAPF)
I have a question that I’ve been wondering about for awhile. What does it mean for a baby to be “mature” and possibly ready for soaked and cooked brown rice before 1 year of age?
My daughter is almost 9 months old and eats meats, liver, fruits, and vegetables, with the occasional bit of raw milk kefir. I have tried my best to follow the recommended diet for nursing moms and she nurses about 6 times a day but her weight gain was very slow until she stated eating 3 square meals a day. If she still seems hungry with plenty of food and breastmilk, is brown rice a good idea? Or would her small size indicate “immaturity”?
By the way, I do add butter or coconut oil or cream to all her foods. As for egg yolks, she reacted to them a couple of months ago so I am just now starting to reintroduce them. She also seemed to react to yogurt (from pastured milk, she got red spots on her face) so I haven’t tried giving her any soft or hard cheeses yet.
That was supposed to be yogurt from pasturized milk.
I’m concerned that this article advises giving babies something besides formula or breastmilk before 6 months of age. Current research has pointed out that the infant gut is not equipped to handle anything before this point, period. The AAP, WHO and the CDC all agree that giving food before 6 months has been linked to skin issues like eczema & hives, seasonal allergies, chronic respiratory infections/ear infections, Inflammatory Bowel Disorder, Autoimmune Diseases etc. I agree with all your points on nutrition, as well as skipping the usual first food of cereal, but please do NOT advise parents to begin food before 6 months!
It is very typical in many cultures around the world to give food to babies as early as one month. Just because there’s some Pharma funded study does not mean it’s inevitable. It’s likely that food allergies are caused by other environmental factors, over use of medications, something sprayed on the food or GMOs. If you had fresh naturally organically grown produce and grass fed, pasture raised meats this likely wouldn’t be an issue.
Hey, we have a discussion on avocado block the absorption of A, D and vitamin K2. Some believe that one and polyunsaturated fats block the absorption of these vitamins. They are actually so strong in faith that they believe avocado blocks all recordings of A, D and vitamin K2. I would so like to know if I can continue to give my baby avocado and egg yolk
Hello, I `ve been told that avocado blocks the absorption of A, D and vitamin K2 because the avocado has monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats. So will not the baby could exploit vitaminenen in egg yolk if it is served with avocado. Is there someone who can more about this out there?
Hello, I gave my baby at around 4 months old Green Pasture fermented cod liver and butter oil mix but it caused diarrhea every time I gave it to her. So had to stop. Now she is 5.5 months. Do you think I should try again? If so, at what age?
What kind of CLO is recommended and where can I get it?
Green pastures fermented cod liver oil is best.
My daughter measured 14lb & 25″ at 3 months, 11 days. She is now 4 months old, exclusively breastfed up til this past week and is lip tied & can’t drink breastmilk from a bottle, so I am starting solids to give her something to appease her hunger when I am stuck on a work call (I work from home.) She is getting her tie revised this upcoming week, but in the meantime she has tried both ripe banana, mashed, and avocado and loved them. She almost sits up on her own & only pushes food out of her mouth maybe every 4-5 spoons. She eats about a teaspoon at a time. Her doctor said to start solids between 4 & 6 months; would it be alright to give her grassfed beef pureed with bone broth in the Vitamix? Do I need to skim the fat? I was thinking to leave it in.
Wondering what kind of kefirs are best for 9-12 months old? Planning to order them from Miller’s Organic Farm. Thanks!
When is it safe to feed infants berries, peaches, etc. be given without cooking them?
I gave my baby soft raw fruits as soon as she learned to chew, so she was 6 or 7 months old eating soft raw fruits, probably even gave her chopped up grapes
My baby loves egg yolks and can easily have 2. How many is too much?
I am no expert, but if they were close to a year and more on solid foods I wouldn’t have a problem giving them 2 egg yolks. And then of course after they can do the white this group recommends adding extra yolks into an egg like for scrambled eggs or omelets! I give my one year old an extra egg yolk if I make them scrambled but I am pretty sure as long as it’s not a ridiculous amount then 3 or 4 egg yolks aren’t harmful as long as it’s not a little baby under like 2 years old.
What I do with the fermented sweet potato is I warm it in a glass bowl over a saucepan of simmering water to heat it without killing the good bacteria. Then I add a pastured raw egg yolk, a pat of grassfed butter, splashes of cream, some cinnamon, and a tsp or 2 of coconut sugar and give it to my baby as a cereal and she’s loves it!
That sounds great! I would use ghee, sour cream, and molasses. Great idea!
Cynthia Robinson says
Can you please clarity, what are “crispy nuts”? Also I understand that nits contain a lot of physic acid what is be best way to reduce the physic acid levels?
My 14mo has never been chubby. He had a little baby fat but not much. I breastfed him for a year and made most of his food. We purchased baby food from places I don’t even want to admit now that we are learning more from WAPF. He is a picKY eater and really I feel like I’m not doing something right. Would Nourishing Traditions help our situation?
London Parent says
We have exclusively breastfed our baby who is six months old now. We would like to ask if delaying introducing solids might be OK or would it be harmful for the baby? We are thinking of delaying solids to ensure his digestive system is sufficiently mature to deal with the foods. Would you mind to comment? Thank you.
I am an avid believer in MOST of the WAPF ideas–however, I have a really hard time getting on board with giving infants as young as four months old anything but breastmilk. From all of my own research and learning, their guts simply are not ready. I am very curious to hear from Sally about this. Is this advice being given under the thought that breastmilk doesn’t not contain enough of the fats and vitamins needed for brain development…like at some point as a young infant their brains just need more? Also I have learned that tooth eruptions can be a sign that baby is ready for solids…
Rosario Carmona says
Hi! thanks for this useful information. I follow your recommendations since my baby has seven months an he looks so healthy now! (first six months he has reflux, colic and eczema 🙁 I wish I had found you before!). Now he eats bone broth, liver, meat, chicken, turkey, marrow (I will introduce yolks and fish soon, I was a bit scared)
I would like to know how much protein he needs, he has eleven months and weighs over eleven kilos. And how much volume should he eat? He eats around 300 ml (only vegetables, bone broth and protein in his meals) is it ok? But I like to know the correct proportion meat-vegetables (I do not want to exaggerate the protein). Thanks!!
Erica Pontius says
Can anyone please show me how the egg is supposed to look? Can’t seem to get it right. I tried posting a comment earlier but I don’t see it. Sorry if it posted twice.
My little one is 13 months old. She hasn’t been interested in foods of any kind until these past couple weeks. But eats very little. She is healthy and doing well on the raw cow milk formula. She has been on it several months.
Unfortunately now she is having extream diarrhea after each bottle. It is not a fowl order, but I am concerned she is going to be less nourished with her bottle formula running right through her.
She was born with lots of digestion issues. Before starting her on the WAP Formula her stools were mostly black & dark green. They became a kinda yellow paste after starting the formula, now they are more liquid and, as mentioned, the frequency is after each bottle.
I am making the exact WAP Raw Cow Milk formula. The milk is organic jersey cow milk from a homeopathic dairy.
Hi Im from australia and I just wanted to know how much a cube of meat is ? Currently still feeding baby until full but I think he is getting hungry .
Maureen Diaz says
Jess, a “cube” is just that, a small chunk of meat. You will have to decide what an appropriate amount is for your child. Thanks for reading!
My son is 9months and I made him the baby custard just using good quality coconut cream (as raw milk/cream is hard to find in Australia). I gave him about 1/2 a cup of it and he loved it, but then he threw it up along with the following meal. Could this just be because I gave him too much? He’s had a bit of coconut milk before (in chia pudding) so I don’t think he has an intolerance. Any advice? Too scared to feed it to him in case he throws up again!
This article is really interesting. I did have a question, is this research/article still valid since it was published in 2005?
Thank you 🙂
Maureen Diaz says
One of the really beautiful things about Dr. Price’s research, as this article portrays, is that it is timeless! This research is based on science and on human history, so yes, this is still totally valid today!
Hello, I’m sorry but I don’t understand your comment. This article is very loosely related to Dr. Price’s work. Nowhere does he tell us to feed babies egg yolks, or even mention sourdough, for example. And the doses of cod liver oil prescribed by WAPF are higher than Dr. Price said he would ever give to patients. I’ve read his book.
Thanks for these extensive tips on how to properly provide nourishment for a growing baby. The foods by age list was particularly helpful.
When can you start giving baby raw milk. Not as a substitute to breast milk, but just to drink occasionally or thicken home made baby foods?
My baby (7mo.) has reacted twice by vomiting after having the egg yolk. None of my other children did this. I am reluctant to try again. We use eggs from our own chickens.
Can someone please e plain what the egg yolk is supposed to look like? After 3-1/2 minutes, the white dies not separate well, the yolk is partially solidified and partially runny. Should I cook it longer?
I just wondered if I could ask the advice from any of the WAPF community – I started my son (now 8 months) on the WAPF formula 2 months ago; however we have always had problems with feeding (breast or bottle). I give him 4 bottles a day of the formula, but he is only consuming around 10-15oz per day despite best efforts.
Does anyone have any advice on how to compensate for this lack of the formula in his diet?
I follow the WAPF diet and am currently giving him mix of avocado, steamed veg with cream or butter, meats, egg yolks, coconut fats, olive oil, occasionally yogurt.
As a side note, to anyone hesitating on giving the WAPF formula a try, after a terrible experience with feeding both breast and then formula our son has taken wonderfully to the WAPF formula, despite thinking he had a cows milk allergy!
Thanks so much! 🙂
I know someone with a downs baby who did the cow formula to the T purchasing all of the ingredients listed. He is over a year now, but the formula worked very well for them and he put on lots of weight ect. She is extremely happy not to have to go the route of formula. I guess it is easily a case by case situation. I don’t think wapf have the resources to respond to comments online. Sorry! I wonder if it was an automatic option when setting up the website. ~\_o_/~. Definitely try to contact a local chapter for answers or https://www.thehealthyhomeeconomist.com/
Deb Simon says
Radiant life no longer carries dried fish as recommended in the book for snacks. Do you have a current source recommendation? I’d love to use these as a snack for my child, as suggested, but don’t want to just pick a random brand on Amazon.
Is this info still valid in 2021? Very curious about the suggestions regarding introduction of allergens since it’s been suggested to introduce them as early as possible to prevent allergies. Also wondering what the standpoint is regarding baby led weaning.
Hello! I was wondering if a particular liver is better than another. Our family eats beef liver but I see chicken liver mentioned here and in Nourishing Traditions book as well. Is chicken liver more nutritious or more digestible for babies? Thank you.
When can you start giving baby raw egg yolk? And I don’t understand either–what should the egg yolks look like when you’re feeding the 4-6mo the egg yolk..should should entire yolks be solid? I keep getting like squishy yolks in the middle
The current recommendation to introduce gluten in small amount is between 5-7 months. ( no later than 7 months) to reduce the chance developing celiac disease. Since 2005 there have been significant amount of research into this. Do you disagree with this?
Latashia Roll says
I see the recommendation to cook fruits high in pectin when starting out. How long should this be done? At what point is it okay to give raw fruit without needing to cook? What sources are out there for this information/reasonings why?
I too have been wondering about this.
I loosely followed these guidelines for my baby since she started eating solids around 7 months old. She is 16.5 months now and has a very healthy appetite. We mostly eat home cooked food but admittedly there are some refined carbs. Generally we eat grass fed meats, healthy fats and organic veg etc. My question is around baby weight and conventional guidelines. My bubba is approx 17kg/37lb (bathroom scales) which is the upper range for a 2.5 year old. She is tall and still drinks quite a lot of breast milk. She’s been crawling since 8 months and walking since 13 months. Is there any reason to be concerned about this? My feeling is not until she’s 2-3 years old but would be grateful for some feedback. Many thanks!
Ps she is a super sweet, happy, healthy, bright girl too 🙂
Could you add a discussion about high oxalate foods? Could you also discuss recent studies saying early introduction of allergenic foods is best to prevent allergies?
Jonathan Farrar says
Is it ok to give wild caught black caviar to 10month old?
Hello, I have had my now 6 month old on the raw milk formula pretty much since birth, who took to it very well.. no problems there so thank you for that and for everyone’s contribution.
We have now started introducing solids into his diet and is also taking to them quite well, having to discard the foods that seem to give him constipation as he has always found it difficult to poo at times (following his mums footsteps it seems)
Now the question is, at what age can we start to ween him off of the formula and only focus on solids and a bit of breast milk?
(Baby still breast feeds as a snack or to send him off to sleep but we are not sure if it’s enough to stop the formula completely as we both work and it’s becoming a bit of a pain to make the formula every day)
Thank you look forward to any comments.